“Hi Mehmet,The WGI comprise 6 dimensions, each based on a number of individual indicators. The WGI are composite governance indicators based on over 30 underlying data sources.
These data sources are rescaled and combined to create the six aggregate indicators using a statistical methodology known as an 'unobserved components model' And what selections to include in a Public Administration Dissertation Proposal? How to get FREE customised Public Administration Dissertation topics that are .
Public management research - researchgate
See /governance/wgi/ #docOne issue would determining the weights for indicators in a dimension and dimensions, or the effects/consequences of extending the methodology on how indicators weigh in the end result. You would also need to look at what happens in terms of margin of error for an overall governance estimate (i.
would the estimate still be usefull given its margin of error, which in part depends on your application of the estimate) /governance/wgi/ #doc-methodologyIn short, IF you find each dimension equally important, THEN rather than attempting to lump together scores on 6 dimensions, my recommendation would be to go back to the original indicators and form a single estimate from these, in a similar fashion that the dimensions where created.
See /governance/wgi/ #doc-methodology /sol3/ ?abstract id=1682130” “From Old Public Administration to the New Public Service: Implications for Public Sector Reform in Developing Countries /content/dam/undp/library/capacity-development/English/Singapore%20Centre/PS-Reform Kuipers, B. The management of change in public organisations: A literature review. Public Administration /images/The management of change in public Public Sector Leadership: International Challenges and Perspectivesgeredigeerd door Jeffrey A.
Middlebrookshttps:// /books?id=yYljZSpL68gC&pg=PA18&lpg=PA18&dq=directions+succes+NPM+change+public+sector&source=bl&ots=I3leE7qBRc&sig=EoFCwuIN8-VD4Mcmr9g92YPzZ5s&hl=nl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjIqLKCvIvNAhWKCsAKHXmyBCkQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=directions%20succes%20NPM%20change%20public%20sector&f=false” I am working within at least two projects based on achiveing the requirements outlined in The Triple Helix concept.
According to Stanford University (on their website) The Triple Helix concept relies "on three main ideas:(1) a more prominent role for the University in innovation, on a par with Industry and Government in the Knowledge Society;(2) a movement toward collaborative relationships among the three major institutional spheres, in which innovation policy is increasingly an outcome of interaction rather than a prescription from Government;(3) in addition to fulfilling their traditional functions, each institutional sphere also “takes the role of the other” performing new roles as well as their traditional function. Institutions taking non-traditional roles are viewed as a major potential source of innovation in innovation.
" – https:// /3helix concept (accessed 13 april 2016)This last idea, taking the role of the other, sounds very interesting and reflects much of my own situation. I am rather recently employed within industry having previously been active as a Ph.
My question:What is your experience of working with this concept and any recomendations you may have which is particularly related to studies of Information and Communications technology (ICT)?… “Carlos, You may find it helpful to connect with a group in Brussels called ERRIN: /Triple Helix is very much their focus.
I wouid add that the Triple Helix model does require very good information to work. Many areas are trying to make this work, but for serious problems, e.
the standard of the reseasrch and ability to commercialise innovation by the university is very weak and may indeed harbour unrealistic expectations of qualtiy; 2. local government partners may fund "losers" rather than winners as the model may bypass market oriented innovation drivers and therefore local "champions" will be favoured that may in the end fail; 3.
public employment policies may hamper the ability of start-ups to actually turn into businesses with a degree of success. As Tamara notes, there may also be a mismatch of expectations.
In the end, though, each needs to be very good at what it does. My only concern is that is too dependent on public money (the stuff we get from taxpayers) with weak accountability and performance and lots of largesse.
If you look at the performance of (publicly funded) science parks around Europe (science parks are one instrument for implementing Triple Helix), you'll see many that aren't working. Futuroscope in France is a classic case study of failure.
In case, NPM emerged in UK at 1970/1980's, and in Brazil 15/20 years later.
Brazil is an young democracy (until 1988 it's government were in military hands). In the last 25 years, we - still - think about, discuss and study how NPM can work better in Brazil, but in my opinion we should think in long-term and beyond, because there are so many different problems than other structured, rich and developed countries.
Our problems are based on conflict policies, corruption, social disfunctions and an inneficient public management. Now, we're living a moment of political, economical and social disaster: the last 12 years, one party subverted the government, constructed a plan of power, using the public machine based on the principles of New Public Management, and using them for its benefit, at first.
I'm researching about and looking for new perspectives of public management in face of this instability, considering our past, our extension, our sistem of government and our policy (disassociated of political parties) focusing on people's interests. Do you have any considerations or can you suggest philosophers, researchers, professors, etc?I'm studying now Public Value, specially Barry Bozeman and Mark Harrison Moore… “NPM emphasised achieving an efficient result without considering the basic principle of fairness and justice.
Public administrators are expected to act like businessmen pursuing efficiency and consumer satisfaction without consideration for value. In Nigeria, most policies put in places like commercialization and privatisation, management by objective, deregulation concession, and in recent times, Public- private- partnership have not achieved much.
Even, other public service reforms implemented to make the public service more result oriented and as well ensure effective service delivery have failed. NPM has made the public servants less accountable and transparent, more selfish, dishonest and corrupt.
(See my papers on Nigerian public service and service delivery ,MEASURES PUT IN PLACE TO CURB INDISCIPLINE IN THE NIGERIAN PUBLIC SERVICE, Corruption and service delivery: the case of Nigerian public service, and Corruption and Challenges of National Development)Therefore, what we need is a kind of home-grown initiatives suitable for our own peculiar situation . ” Hi, everyone! I am working on a research exploring the idea that (Western) development donors are now using some global development agenda as a top-down measure in development toward local implementers (e.
Public administration dissertation topics & example
However, I am aiming to connect this two different worlds between 'the global' and 'the local' and incorporate them into a vernacular version of development agendas Theses and Dissertations (Public Administration and Management) This thesis examined the 2004 SA higher education merger processes in order to .
In order to make it clearer, the gender mainstreaming might be a good example (as I talk about it in my research).
It is used by donors in top-down characteristics, while local implementers incorporate it in their work and report back in bottom-up characteristics. However, in their reports, I believe, there are both the 'globalised' gender mainstreaming and the 'localised' one intermingled in the 'in-between space' of the global and the local.
Those two worlds are no more separated but interconnected by this sense. However, so far, I could not find much of pieces of literature on 'vernacularization', 'vernacularism' and 'vernacularity', particularly in development studies.
Any thoughts? Any recommedations? Thank you very much!… “At some point, I think you will have to decide whether you want to look at transparency as an independent or a dependent variable. If as an independent variable, you probably should think about what you think greater transparency could or should accomplish, outline the mechanisms through which you think transparency might influence your dependent variables.
For example, full transparency in budgeting should reduce the level of government corruption, say in contracting, because it would make clear what the costs are for what services provided by whom, and if the government was paying much more for a service than it seems that it could, it would look transparency might increase public confidence that tax money was being spend in accordance with the budget or with national needs, and would reveal the priorities of the government, that is, proportionally, how much of the money is going to defense, or to historic preservation, or child health. Possibly transparency could reduce the level of public alienation.
Full transparency in governmental reporting--say making inspector general reports public--should, could or might increase accountability. If you cannot come up with a likely mechanism linking transparency to your dependent variables of interest, you should omit those dependent variables from the analysis.
Or do a different study of the determinants of the dependent variable you are most interested in. The same kind of logic should apply if you use transparency as your dependent variable, what variables might influence the degree of openness and transparency and how do they operate, through what mechanisms? To me, these questions are less obvious, the research topic is wide open, waiting for eager researchers.
You might have to look at variations in openness that have occurred in the past and see if you can ferret out what might have been involved in those cases, and then design a study around those independent variables to see how they work. Ordonez (2011) Structure follows strategy /5080/structure-follows-strategy2.
https:// /industries/public-sector/how-we-help-clients/strategy3. Chan Kim (2009)"How Strategy shape structure" Business Harvard Review https:// /2009/09/how-strategy-shapes-structure5. Papakonstantinidis Leonidas A (2002-2018) "The win-win-win strategy (128 papers)-RGAs, i believe and hope that any human reaction must have-it is forced to have- a social welfare step, has been launched-since 2002- an alternative price strategy approach: Any reactive, instant reflection winning strategy(DECISION) could be approached by the game theory-especially, the bargaining theory and its Nash win-win solution.
So, this let us to see human reaction as a game, especially as a part of the whole holistic equilibrium, under the Nash hypothesis AND Pareto efficiency constraints Especially, The study of reactive behavior, as it is included in (rational) DECISION MAKING, as are based on re-active strategic MARKET behavior, expecting “PAYOFFS” as their “motivation power” in the bargain …………………………………So, let me make this parallelism of reactive behavior with the investigation, in a game, as a re-active system of n-tuples strategies, or decision making…………………………………… In any game, payoffs are numbers which represent the motivations of players, towards starting a bargain …it is like “expectations” Payoffs may represent profit, quantity, "utility," or other continuous measures (CARDINAL PAYOFFS), or may simply rank the desirability of outcomes (ORDINAL PAYOFFS). In all cases, the payoffs must reflect the motivations of the particular player, especially, in human reactiveIn other words, from the philosophical side, people, living in a rational world make efforts to create individual strategies, such as to satisfy personal needs From the same side, politicians who have been voted to govern, have the obligation to “produce” policies, such to meet needs of the other peopleThe importance of the “bargain” is obvious in any reactive decision/behavior of any being on the earth From this point of view, we tried to make obvious the “social necessities” by “voting policies” based on state long or short run strategiesIntroducing the “COMMUNITY” as the “total good” we created a new player in the bargain and for the bargain, thus transforming a TWO –players anticipation, in a THREE-players anticipation, thus proposing a new view in our (capitalist) systemFrom this point of view, human reactive “STRATEGY” is closer to decision making, while POLICY is closer to expected (with some probability) policy, coming from those has the “bargaining power” to crucially influence the bargain in a widely human (and not only) environmentOf course, a collection of payoffs forms a possible outcome of human reactive behavior In game theory, an outcome is a situation which results from a combination of player's strategies.
Every combination of strategies (one for each player) is an outcome of the game. A primary purpose of game theory is to determine which outcomes are stable according to a solution concept (e.
In a game where chance or a random event is involved, the outcome is not known from only the set of strategies, but is only realized when the random event(s) are realized. In this frame, “the study of the question on human reactive behavior may be resulted as the outcome of mixed entrepreneurs’/State strategies (decisions) and that must be taken in the stage of decision making (the starting game’s point) ▀In an advanced games’ version, NE could define not only the A-B bargainers’ payoffs (the motivations of the particular player)but also the “COMMUNITY” (as a total of Human Values and Culture) payoff As each bargainer (A-B) understands that must reduce their claims (=payoffs)in order the Community be satisfied, then a NEW Equilibrium must be feasible and stableBy this innovation, the SOCIAL COST of human reactive behavior could be measured and estimated as deviation from the equilibrium point, according to Nash Solution, extending such as to include the COMMUNITY as the third part of negotiationLaunching the "win-win-win papakonstantinidis model" helps the scientific Community providing it by a NEW methodological tool for measuring the social cost, in terms of deviation from the EQUILIBRIUM POINT ,that represents dissatisfaction or satisfaction resulting from the consumption of certain goodsExpressing consumer's dissatisfaction or satisfaction in terms of avoiding the market of certain products that cause intolerance and turning to those that maximize their satisfaction with their consumption, our societies are built on people's "preferences" Why ".
"? Because companies , especial the big multinational companies, have the know-how and the means to impose their will, on people mass and thus sell their production The same logic goes through and the political-political consumer-voter expresses with the vote of people Dissatisfaction or satisfaction resulting from the country's political programs or governance are included in the same world-planet MODELThe math approach of the win-win-win papakonstantinidis model let us to have more and flexible policies, to realize a strategic objectiveFor this, we launched since 2002 (August 14, Visby University SW,EURACADEMY) the “win-win-win papakonstantinidis model” thus measuring the “social cost” coming from any bargain between 2, in terms of COMMUNITY losses –see at the 116 docs uploaded in RG,Now, in practical level, a question may be arisen:“Who can share, in the case of social welfare?” .
The philosophical question “Who can share the benefits of moral cultivation?”, raised by the Professor Frieda Mah (Universal Acupuncture and TCM-Corp) 1 could be approached-in my mind- by the suggested “win-win-win papakonstantinidis model” as it meets “relations COMMUNITY-CITIZEN” as well as citizens, each-other in the frame of a bargain .
2 , "In particular, in the case of a triple-pole bargain bargainers, A-B and the COMMUNITY, "C" 3 each of which claims its own profit, the "Nah-solution corresponded to Nash Equilibrium leads bargain in the best-for the whole of society, point: It is the point which meets the "Pareto optimality" criterion, in a "Marginal Rate of Substitution (MRS) "level" 📷The marginal rate of substitution is defined as the absolute value of the slope of the indifference curve at whichever commodity bundle quantities are of interest.
That turns out to equal the ratio of the marginal utilities on the point of price ratio, or “related prices” corresponding the cost that one is willing to decide to buy the “b” instead of “a” (combining property properties and relative values on an indifference curve A relative price for say, is the price of a commodity such as a good or service in terms of another; i. A relative price may be expressed in terms of a ratio between any two prices or the ratio between the price of one particular good and a weighted average of all other goods available in the market.
Microeconomics can be seen as the study of how economic agents react to changes in relative prices.
A relative price may be expressed in terms of a ratio between any two prices or the ratio between the price of one particular good and a weighted average of all other goods (aog) available in the market. 📷📷8888888The differential-marginal time dt on which we decide to get married, to travel, to ask for a loan to buy a house, to study, to look for a job, to choose a way to go from my home to my job and thousands of moments when I make a decision (a strategy, according to the game theory)On this point (the time-point of decision) must be📷8888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888Now, what is the “new” which lunched with the “win-win-win papakonstantinidis model?Till now, according to Nash Equilibrium (NE), any succeed output of a “win-win agreement” NE could interpret different moves due to HUMAN (and not only) DECISIONS among different alternatives (CHOICES), in the market, or in any “re-active behavior which also could interpret , about anything in our life and not onlyThis point is quite different from the "n-tuples game's "Nash Equilibrium (N.
E): in the n-tuple game (with n players), each of whom seeks individual benefit we focus only on n individual win (or loose) but in the "win-win-win papakonstantinidis model" we focus, not only on the 3 individual interest's claim, but also on the "Community" win as a whole In fact what we suggest is a 3-D MRS dimension , or, "one more" than the n-tuples game, as a special condition, for achieving the social welfare's environment and better relations between COMMUNITY and bargainers- member of the same community So, if the question is "Who can share the benefits of moral cultivation?" the answer is: "it could be resulted automatically as "market" see BARGAIN pressures from and toward bargainers (A-B) and Community, depending on “bargaining power" on a moment in and during the bargain, on the MRS point on the indifferent curve AND the best of relative prices for the same good, the same quality, the same services providingIn fact, we are in a cross-road, when we must to decide under the conditions of Common Knowledge of Rationality – CKR and the perfect information COMMON KNOWLEDGE RATIONALITY GAMES (Social Science) 4 When two or more agents knowingly interact in the sense that each knows how the outcomes for them depend not just on their own actions (strategies) but also on the actions of the others, they are playing a game. Each is rational when acting instrumentally to maximize his or her subjectively expected utility associated with the outcomes, and the game is a common knowledge of rationality (CKR) game when, in addition, (1) each knows that each is rational, and (2) each knows that each knows that each is rational, and so on in an infinite chain of recursively built knowledge.
The purpose of CKR is to place each agent, so to speak, in the mind of others with the result that no one will behave in a manner that surprises. In particular, CKR licenses the iterative deletion of dominated strategies.
Strategies are dominated when they yield a worse outcome in every eventuality than some other available strategy (for example, the cooperative strategy in a prisoners’ dilemma game). Thus in a two-person game, when A knows that B is rational, he or she knows that B will not play a strategy that is dominated (so any such strategy can be effectively deleted).
B, knowing this, also knows that A will not select a dominated strategy in terms of the payoffs that remain once B’s dominated strategies have been removed, and any such strategy of A can now also be ignored and so on. The strategies that remain are now referred to as rationalizable (Pearce 1984; Bernheim 1984); and in some, but far from all, games the result is a single strategy for each player (i. , a unique prediction for rational agents will do).
Public administration dissertation topics | public administration topic
It is now typically accepted that in general the Nash equilibrium solution concept has to be motivated not only by CKR but also an assumption of common priors whereby rational agents hold a common view as to how a game will be played rationally To get started, it is useful to think of the proposal as a series of steps, each one Orienting Questions for Exploring a Dissertation Topic in Public Administration..
If there is such a unique, albeit possibly probabilistic, way in which each rational agent will play the game, then it will be apparent that, with CKR, rational actions must be best replies to each other (otherwise at least one agent would not be acting rationally).
CKR is sometimes modified so that agents only engage in some fixed level of reasoning of this sort. Thus first-order CKR refers to the case where A knows that B is rational and vice versa.
Second-order CKR has in addition that A knows that B knows that A is rational and so on. Given the brain’s limited processing capacity, this is often more appealing than full-blown CKR; and in experiments, it seems that most people rarely engage in more than second-order CKR COMMUNITY could be concerned as: Administrative on Natural Region village, town, district area STATES States economic union as EU, the former European Economic Community EEC A Federation Form (United States of America : USA 5 ), Germany 6 In world forms level: United Nations (UN), etc a common dream , a common vision, a shared religion, a common history a common past, common local traditions, a common way of life (ROMA, etc.
) a common language, or “language idiom”a local cohesion A number of "triangle relations" of the above orientation could be resulted, ie EU, with Member States Governments and European Citizens , etcon this point, let’s see some questions, tabled by Thomas KronbergerUtility AXB:The mathematical product AXB means that there is an operation linking A and B. This can be the multiplication as used in your example.
If the question is, if to invest in the motor (A) or in the wheels (B) of a car I agree with your multiplication AXB: Without motor the car will drive 0 meters, not important how good are the wheels and vice versa. You have to invest in both, for getting a usable car.
For example: If we have 100 Euros for feeding hungry children and we must decide how much we give to organisation A and to organisation B.
Probably we will get the best result, if we invest partially in A and partially in B. Considering the two extremes shows the difference to the “car-example”: Giving all the money to organisation A means, that B has the utility of 0.
But, as some children get food, the global result would be still a positive utility bigger than 0.
In this case another operation for “X” has to be applied. ANSWER: In marginal economics we are looking for marginal situationsEither for the minimum price of f(x) or the max price of the utility functionAfter all, the mathematical product AXB denotes the intersection of A and B’s profits The combination of these two , in the equilibrium point, this product AXB must be MAX 📷So the AXB denotes a specific marginal situation, in which all participants will be satisfied as getting the maximum of what they expected from an hypothetical AGREEMENTOtherwise, disagreement is the most usual ending a bargain 888888888888888888888888The invisible community:You’re right, when Putin and Trump act, this affects the whole world with its 7 billion people.
The problem is, that these two (especially the second) ignore the rest of the world. The question is: What to do, for these two leaders open their eyes and ears for considering the stakeholders.
In the todays news there was an interesting example how to do this:Trump is thinking about punitive tariff duty on European steel and aluminium. In a German newspaper today was written about the idea to react by a punitive tariff duty on Harley Davidson motorbikes and Bourbon-Whisky These two products were chosen, because the two products are produced in states where many people vote for Trump Trump is not interested in European economy, but as he is interested in his voters, perhaps the European stakeholders can influence him.
ANSWEROf course, nobody expects to make influence on these two very strong leaders Now, on this point I used the paradigm from dynamical nonlinear systems (chaos theory). ” In 1972 Edward Lorenz,(the father of Chaos Theory) presented a work entitled: "Predictability: Does the Flap of a Butterfly's Wings in Brazil Set Off a Tornado in Texas?" Based on “Butterfly's Wings’ paradigm” I presented in the 1st “ International Symposium on Business, Economics and Financial Applications“ (ISBEFA) 1-2 June 2012 Argostoli- Kefalonia, GR, my work titled The win-win-win Papakonstantinidis model A behavioral analysis in dynamical systems The Non Instrumental Rationality Paradox According to this, decision making is very sensitive to initial conditions and transferred by ordis, as it happens to the “weather 7 : The action of one only man or woman may form a quite different situation A characteristic paradigm is coming from US in the year 1955 8 as Mrs Rosa Park refused to offer her seat in the Bus in a white manI believe that decision making is formed by very small steps, wherever So if Community People be sensitized toward a direction , then these people will succeed in their common goalIn my country 2 huge people’s declarations for the official name of the till now state FYROM, it seems that canceled the quick process which has been adopted from the Greek Government In US, President Trump tried to cancel the Obama’s Insurant Law, without success due to people’s dynamic declarations…. 888888888888888888888888888888Once more again to the table in chapter 4.
5: The table is still unclear to me:High share for A – low utility for AHigh share for B – low utility for BBut: High share for C – high utility for CCould the following table be a possible proposal for the win-win-win/utility max: Share A (%) Share B (%) Utility A Utility B Utility AXB Share C (%) Utility C Utility AXBXC 4 90 1 71 71 6 1 71 … 40 50 16 60 960 10 5 4800 … 80 14 50 12 600 6 1 600 As more shares someone gets, as higher the utility is for him. I put these numbers in a ranking, only for educative reasons Our students want to see them in a ranking For example, in the first row, shares could be 30-1-69Besides, the numbers corresponding the utils (imaginative units/prices of the Utility Functions) have only one reason: they means : “I like ice cream more than meat” In our “economics” language UTILITY is discriminated in two different types: cardinally and ordinary In the first time utility function is shaped by strict number prices “chocolate has the number 100 for all the people all over the world.
The second type is the “ordinary utility” It is for each individual without comparing with the utility function of another person: Chocolate is only for me “100”, while for another person maybe “0” In the practical level, success triangle’s paradigms State- Local Authority-People from European Countries, especial from Scandinavian countries, could be discribed : In a recent (2016) European Research by questionnaire, resulted that people in Denmark Norway, Sweden 9 are on the top of the States in word, in questions concerning “Relations State-People” People's Happiness”, “Democracy” “State Transparency” "level of cooperation State-Local Authorities" etc https:// /profile/Leonidas PapakonstantinidisLAP888888888888888888888888888888888888888888 1 Prof Mach question : “Who can share, in the case of social welfare https:// /post/Who can share the benefits of moral cultivation 2 Papakonstantinidis LA (2002,Aug 14) “The win-win-win model” Visby University, Gotland Isle, SW, SUMMER SCHOOL, The Euracademy Guide, p 28, Prism EPE Edition 3 Papakonstantinidis LA 2011 “The intermediate Community: A behavioral/ Bargaining Approach, for Conflict Resolution at the Local Level/ Bayesian Analysis The intermediate Community…” (2012) (2011-OCT) WORLD CONGRESS EMPRI/EuroMed (Web Sciences- IF 3) “The intermediate Community A behavioral / bargaining Approach for conflict resolution at the Local Level/ Bayesian Analysis “Business Research Challenges in a Turbulence Era” , the Cyprus University and Tel Aviv University, coordinating / ISBN: 978-9963-711-01-7 . Proceedings, pp – 1374-1387- Blind reviewers evaluation – e- book of proceedings 4 /social-sciences/common-knowledge-rationality-games-social-science/ 5 The Federal Government of the United States (U.
Federal Government) is the national government of the United States, a republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.
6 Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (German: Land, plural L nder; informally also Bundesland, plural Bundesl nder) 7 Lorenz was an meteorologist and so his findings for the Chaos Theory were coming from his observation concerned the climate changes 8 1955: Black woman challenges race law A black woman has been arrested by police in Montgomery, Alabama, after refusing to give up her seat on the bus to a white person. Mrs Rosa Parks now faces a fine for breaking the segregation laws which say black Americans must vacate their seats if there are white passengers left standing.
It is not the first time Mrs Parks, who is a seamstress, has defied the law on segregation. In 1943 she was thrown off a bus for refusing to get on via the back door, which was reserved for black passengers.
She became known to other drivers who sometimes refused to let her on. Today Mrs Parks left Mongomery Fair, the department store where she was employed doing repairs on men's clothing, as usual.
She said she was tired after work and suffered aches and pains in her shoulders, back and neck. When she got on the bus she realised the driver was the same man, James Blake, who had thrown her off twelve years before.
As more white people got on and the seats filled up, he asked her to give up her seat and she refused. He threatened to call the police and she told him to go ahead.
She was subsequently arrested and charged with violating segregation law. She will now appear in court on Monday 5 December.
Mrs Parks is a youth leader of the local branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP) and her husband, Raymond, a barber, has taken part in voter registration drives. Segregation lawsBetween them the couple have worked for many years to improve the lot of black Americans in the southern United States where rigid segregation laws have been in force since the end of the Civil War in 1865. Last year a group of professional black woman in Montgomery, the Women's Political Council, protested to the mayor about segregation on the buses, warning him they were planning a boycott.
The NAACP has also tried to challenge the laws on segregation in the courts and Mrs Parks has been involved in raising money to defend a 15-year-old student, Claudette Colvin, who was removed from a bus in March of this year for refusing to give up her seat to a white man.
Rosa Parks's refusal to give up her seat on the bus provoked a boycott E-mail this story to a friend In Context Five days later, thousands of black citizens boycotted the buses in Alabama - to mark the day Mrs Parks was due in court I would like to get your viewpoint on the meanings of the two terms. Research topic for research proposal must be relevant to Public Management? Question..
She was fined $10 (the equivalent of about $70 in 2003), plus $4 costs. She challenged the verdict and the NAACP decided to use her case as a test against city and state segregation laws.
Later that same evening, the young preacher Martin Luther King addressed a crowd of several thousand at Holt Street Baptist Church and called for the boycott to continue. Nearly all Montgomery's 40,000 black citizens took part in the bus boycott, which lasted for 381 days.
On 20 December the Supreme court upheld the decision of a lower court to end segregation on Alabama's buses. Mrs Parks was sacked from her job and in 1957 left Montgomery for Detroit following harassment.
She later became a special assistant to Democratic congressman John Conyers until her retirement in 1988. She died in October 2005 - an icon for the civil rights movement - almost exactly 50 years after her famous bus boycott began.
9 Amanda Briney 2017 “An Introduction to the 5 Scandinavian Countries”- Thought Co: Scandinavia is a large region of northern Europe that is mainly made up of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Neighboring Denmark and Finland, as well as Iceland, are also considered to be part of this region. Geographically, the Scandinavian Peninsula is the largest in Europe, extending from above the Arctic Circle to the shores of the Baltic Sea and covering about 289,500 square miles.
You can learn more about the countries of Scandinavia, their population, capitals, and other facts with this list. ” “A most interesting question! I wonder if breaking it down could be of help.
If I understand you correctly, the thrust of the question is about relations between the 'happiness' of groups. Setting aside the tricky matter of what 'happiness' is, we are left with the idea that the happiness of one 'group' - tourists - may impact the happiness of another group - 'locals'.
We could, perhaps, think of this as 'locals' and 'non-locals' . Here, the issue of locality, suggests the prime dimension of difference is connection to (and use of) place - it is about the happiness derived from use of (consumption of) places by those with different kinds of connection to place.
Presumably the connection is time - each group being more or less temporary consumers of place. From the perspective of locals, the question is how temporary consumers of place affect them - while from the perspective of non-locals the question is how less temporary consumers of place affect them.
Negative effects detract from the experience of either - producing varying results in terms of 'happiness' (however conceived). Depending on how happiness is conceived, you might divide the groups further into different kinds of local and non-local groups (for instance, business tourists versus other kinds of tourists and different kinds of locals - business operators, residents and so on).
Happiness effects of place consumption by other groups might then vary for each subgroup. For instance, happiness for tourists is often measured by 'satisfaction' (various pre- and post- measures being used - see for example work by Metin Kozak), though lately things have shifted to the idea of 'visitor experience'.
More generally, happiness int he workplace is often measured by various measures of 'wellbeing', and there are plenty of workplace studies that operationalize this construct in the context of various settings of employment. Life quality and quality of life are also used as indicators of well being in place or occupational contexts.
One way would be to take some of these measures and apply them. For instance, I wonder if it could be interesting to see if you could develop a new construct of 'happiness' in the context of tourism place - to investigate what the construct of 'happiness' means in this context and point towards an operable construct that might cuts across different types of place consumers. ” The private sector offering services, private goods usually implements this process more economically in terms of costs and expectations of customers compared to the offer of the public sector.
In order to increase this efficiency, creation and provision of public goods to consumers is often ordered by the state sector, ie by central state administration institutions and or by local government units and commissioned to be produced for private sector enterprises through organized tenders. These tenders are a kind of competitions, during which the best offers are selected, taking into account the criterion of economic effectiveness of the delivery of certain goods, costs and time of completion and the quality of delivered public goods.
The investment programs of public-private partnerships are being developed in the scope of the creation and supply of public goods that require large financial outlays, such as in the situation of construction of large power plants, eg nuclear power plants. In view of the above, the current question is: How to increase the efficiency of state delivery of public goods? Please, answer, comments.
… El estudio de la gestion de informacion y las plataformas de servicios ambientales de Costa Rica responden a un esquema mixto de venta de servicios, acceso de fuentes de informacion de manera simultanea sin costo para usuarios.
El anterior modelo opera bajo un esquemas de sustentabilidad de los servicios ambientales via decerto ejecutivo del sector en temas geologicos, aguas,climaticos y servicios de parques nacionales. En otras ares y progrmas de servicios no se aplican costro de reintergro, que hace falta estudiar, valorar y cuantificar de manera equitativa para las sociedad.
el estudio busca allar aletrnivas y esquemas de financiemanto en puntos criticos de saber ambeimntal de Costa Rica. Se agrecede sus criterios y puntos de vista… “My experience is related to the city of Naples in Southern Italy.
Naples is the only Italian big city that, following the results of the June 2011 referendum, changed the status of its company for the water supply services, transforming it from a joint stock company to a public law authority. The Local Council introduced a participative government principle to involve the environmental movements and the citizenry in the decisions.
However, the public and participative management of the integrated water services is just at the beginning and it’s hard to foresee the final result of the process. ” Government managers, politicians, development organizations and several institutions are trying to foster INNOVATION as a way to shorten the gap between developed and under-developed countries/regions.
For most, the way to do this is creating special and focused policies to induce innovation in a top-down process. These policies are based in assumptions about what are innovative products and processes, assumptions about how these innovative products will reach the market, assumptions about competencies to be developed, and etc.
Our research considers INNOVATION as the emergent outcome of a complex adaptive system, a hierarchical system where individuals and firms interact freely and with no central control. That is, for us the innovation is a bottom-up process.
However, the practices all around the world insist in top-down policies, contrary to what our findings are showing. Why? Re: https:// /publication/324922661 Innovation Emergence Public Policies versus Actors' Free Interaction… Human resource planning (I hope I translate the German “Stellenplan” correctly) has been a much-appreciated instrument for input control in Swiss governments.
Many parliamentarians are convinced that this is the only effective means to limit the growth of administrations. We are doing a research project that focuses on the effectiveness of HR planning as a tool for political control in government. At a first attempt, it was hard to find current studies on this topic.
Can anyone give me a hint? Do you know about research done on HR planning in government?Many thanks and best wishesKuno… Already much research is done in regards to what extent Individual Public Service Motivation influences achieving public goals.
Coming up with dissertation topics on public administration
So far I was not able to find any related relevant research papers or articles.
I'm now standing on a crossroad leaving the path of theory in Public Management and for the moment look at (sport) motivation Theory in Psychology A List Of Great Dissertation Topics In Public Administration To get inspired, you can look through the list of great sample dissertation topics below:..
Who can help me with names of articles, authors or research projects related to the question if and how getting results influences motivation in general, and PSM specifically?… “I agree with Bjorn that relevant research is probably limited. In recent years there has been greater emphasis placed on goals in public service.
The Government Finance Officer Association (GFOA) recommends establishing broad goals to guide government decision making. The development of goals is intended to improve the allocation of limited budgetary resources and as means of measuring performance.
It should also improve accountability and transparency. However, from my experience, while this may improve governmental outputs I have not witnessed any effect on public service motivation or improving citizen participation in local government.
The absence of participation by citizens in local government is by itself a complex issue. Here is a link to the GFOA document discussing goals /sites/default/files/ ” I´m researching if and how leadership style (e.
) and behavior (feedback-seeking, informing, just, . ) influence the outcome or success of a change process in organizations.
I have already found some articles on that but would be happy to read more. Can you recommend an article, book or resource I should look into? These are some of the ones I have found:D.
Liu, “The effects of transformational and change leadership on employees’ commitment to a change: A multilevel study.
Groeneveld, “Implementing Change in Public Organizations: The relationship between leadership and affective commitment to change in a public sector context,” Public Manag.
Sonntag, “Affective Commitment to Change and Innovation Implementation Behavior: The Role of Charismatic Leadership and Employees’ Trust in Top Management,” J. Feng, “How does leader communication style promote employees’ commitment at times of change?,” J.
Thank you!… Today we conquer a unique condition of our existence as a race, we own our destiny and the other beings that inhabit the Earth.
Through science and technology, we dominate all the variables that put our lives at risks like hunger, diseases, and wars; we can manipulate any type of geological and climatic condition for the development of agriculture and livestock, for example, we produce strawberries in the Sahara desert or have cows producing milk in Siberia; we have developed techniques for handling self-sustaining agricultural crops that balance production and preservation of the environment; through genetic engineering it is already possible to detect and eliminate possible health problems of the children that we want to have. The dizzying development of fields such as genetic engineering, regenerative medicine, and nanotechnology spur even more optimistic prophecies, as some experts believe that men will conquer death by 2200 and others announce that this will happen in 2100 (Yuval Harari, 2014); information and communication technologies have made possible the interaction and integration of large groups of individuals globally.
The internet and social networks can mobilize in a click or alike, hundreds, thousands, millions of individuals quickly and without the filter of control of the "state", the Arabian springs were a good example of this. The incorporation of technologies and mechanisms of automation, social monitoring and communication through APP and social networks, is revolutionizing the management of the routines of the cities and producing much more precise information, so much for the citizens to use in the day to day, as for the planning strategic management of public managers thus providing greater efficiency and effectiveness of services provided to the community and reducing operating and maintenance costs. Is public management aligned with our times?… “Thank you, Jacob, for your comments. As you have well put it, colonizing other planets and solar systems is a curiosity and natural ambition of our race as a consequence of our fantastic restlessness and we already also dominated this variable.
And also like you, I do not believe that current public management models are compatible with these scientific and technological achievements. In fact, they are medieval structures and obsolete.
The objective of the project research is to generate empirical knowledge about the best management model of our collective demands, compatible with the needs and speed of scientific and technological development, while at the same time creating a self-sustaining human, social and economic development environment. ” I am currently seeking to develop common criteria to evaluate the success of different policy initiatives to tackle the informal economy.
To do this, one needs to develop a common measuring rod (e. , the cost per job moved from the informal economy into the formal economy; the tax revenue-to-cost ratio). The first thing that struck me is whether it is valid to use such criteria to evaluate a policy when it was not perhaps its original objective.
The second thing is to select common criteria that can be used. What common measure/s would you use? And does anybody know any literature that discusses the issues involved in developing common measures to compare different policy initiatives? … “Dear Colin, some years ago I started a challenging work about the rapid diffusion of policy innovations in different countries that have been characterized by a schizophrenic adoption of practices (“the factory of best practices) with governments utilizing those considered the ‘best’ as well as those deemed capable of actually providing solutions to policy problems.
Nevertheless, the replication of policy innovations in different countries have been met with varying degrees of success. The focal point of the study has been how to learn from the successes and failures of others in the field of public sector innovation.
In my recent work (Evidence for public policy design – How to learn from best practices ed- Palgrave), I analyzed the adoption of the Standard Cost Model (a methodology to measure red tape and improve the quality of regulation ) in a number of European countries that provides an example of this due to it being met with success in some countries while failing inexplicably in others. Focussing on policy transfer literature, classic studies on policy learning take interest in understanding the causal mechanism and, generally, the transfer of a policy from one country to another – which is what some call “lesson drawing” (Rose, 1991; 1993; 2004).
Bardach (2008) and Barzelay (2009) tried to find a way to develop the concept of social mechanisms (Merton, Hedstr m and Swedberg, 1998) in order to understand the reasons of policy success. Schneider and Ingram (1988) inquired the notion of “systematically pinching ideas” referring to the suggestion addressed to policy designers to adopt a more formal and rational selection process when policy ideas are transferred from other contexts, by comparing features of the different policy designs.
I stressed and carefully inquired this point aiming at developing guidelines for policy analysts in order to evaluate the quality of best practices, to understand the reasons of success and to transfer innovations from a source case to a target case, presenting a final appraisal on how to design an effective policy. I hope these inputs could be useful for you, Best wishes,Paola” Contracting out and privatization of social services is in advertising for more effective social administration in the world.
However the threat in the underdeveloped world for clients not to have money to pay for privatized social services is very likely. In any case, if social services organization and delivery is left for the state or municipal authorities without privatization, the payments will be less or there will be no payments of clients at all.
The national and municipal budgets will feel tensions, but the poor people themselves will be more happy having provided social services. Here I do not consider such situations when public money is devoted to a private organization or NGO to deliver services.
… “In some countries, such as in the German speaking Europe, the "new public Management" was part of a "new governance" discussion.
The concept of "the guarantor state" is an example for a fundamental new perspective on the role of the state (= governance), which allows for some NPM implementations. There was even a debate among lawyers how the constitution should be interpreted in new ways in order to mirror new societal developments.
By the way, in Austria and Switzerland the NPM is called "outcome-oriented public management". If you have it in your library, have a quick look at our book: Kuno Schedler & Isabella Proeller, Outcome-oriented Public Management, 2010, IAP - the first two chapters are dealing with some of this.
” “Greetings,Thanks for this topic on Corruption. I happen to come from one of the most corrupt countries in the world. Corruption comes from the latin word "corrumpo" meaning to falsify, bribe, suborn, pervert, corrupt, deprave seduce, tempt, beguile.
all those words can help us understand the different forms of corruption in the public sector today Edge in public administration and how such knowledge grows. At present, neither on proposals, and ultimately approve the research. NASPAA is one avenue .
Choosing a good dissertation topic in public administration
I would put emphasis on values to help in curbing corruption. This has to be supported by political commitment.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has developed various mechanisms to counter unethical behaviors in the public sector. OECD examined publications of the 29 member countries, to find statements of the values intended to guide public servants in their daily operations.
The most frequently stated public service values were:Impartiality legality Integrity Transparency efficiency equality ResponsibilityJustice(Denhardt G. K,: Ethics In Public Organizations) Denhardt notes that These core public service values are the common starndard by which we evaluate the behavior of public servants and that his values are informed by democratic principles , social norms, and professional ethics.
She challenges public organization to find ways to institutionalize these ethical values, and to hold public servants accountable for behaving in accordance with the standards. ” “This, I guess, is a matter of choice more that a must.
In case and a researcher decides to make a methodological commitment as early as the proposal, one has to be explicit about it and maintain this commitment. Particularly in social science where the premises of the research serve as the contours of the research.
Those are ontological claims that direct it toward either explanation, causation or understanding (interpretation). For example, social constructivism makes the ontological claim that what is real and unreal is socially constructed, and go interpreting structures of social meanings of a phenomenon.
In this sense ontological claims make research more focused. ” The cultural significance also identified in the ordinance as the concept of fabric which means all the physical materials and attributes perceived by the senses found in every nook and corner including excavation in the historic city i.
brick, hardwood timber, lime mortar, capiz windows, iron grills, lamps, piedra china tiles and clay tiles, 18th century period furniture, fauna and flora commonly found in the area like palmera, bougainvilla, suntan, adelfa, hibiscus and cactus.
The compatible use of fabric means a use which involves no change to the culturally significant fabric of the historical building. The change should be substantially reversible when needed at a latter date.
These are the related conceptual term of fabric as expounded on Section 4, Ordinance no. It is the evolution of accounts in history which dates backs from the Malays, Chinese, Indochinese, Japanese, Mexicans, Spanish and Americans, who have influenced early settlers of Vigan.
It is the fusion of traditions, practices, arts, crafts of different nations. The merging of Asian building design and construction with European colonial Architecture and planning.
Historical buildings, landmarks, monuments, shrines, streets, plazas, open spaces, rivers identified of cultural significance found within. Bricks, hardwood timber, lime mortar, capiz windows, iron grilles, lamps, piedra china tiles and clay tiles, 18th century furniture and furnishing, flora and fauna.
I like to offer one first observation on HRD, which is the impact of organizational culture and the type of mindsets of the leadership in each situation.
Most of the time resistance to change on the lower levels of public office occurs due to the mind set of the Public HRD Officer who tries to implement upgraded applications within the functionality of the entity but does not offer the critical success factors needed to move the upper level of doing the job. The literature usually addresses such topic with examples from the USA ( I read more of these) whereby case studies are discussed.
” “Dear JurgenThis issue is at the heart of debates on academic literacy in the post modern era. indeed, It has become urgent to look critically at the belief of some academics that they can continue to be functional in their isolation.
It seems that nobody can operate properly behind closed doors and within a small community of same-discipline researchers. How to end these practices and open the boundaries? Perhaps the first step should be through working on the mentality of the young learners to develop a new generation that believes in interdisciplinarity as a vital component of completing one's academic literacy.
This might be done through increasing cross-disciplinary subjects in every department so that students of various disciplines interact together and exchange knowledge and skills. knowing that the major concern of concervative academics to this approach is the risk of thinning the researchers by scattering their efforts, it would be very important to work on guaranteeing the quality of the studies.
Another handicap in front of interdisciplinarity would be the negative opinion of some recruitment juries in academia as well as in the professional settings. It would be interesting to convince decision makers of the importance of interdisciplinarity in order to change the laws or regulations governing these events.
I hope this was helpfulBest regards ” Hi all,I am conducting a study about how universities and research centers manage the lists of scientific publications authored by their scientists around the world. We are looking to gain an understanding of the current status of publications management and your opinion is crucial.
It would be great to hear more about your Institution and how the system works. Do you use a specific system or do you have an administrator who collects the data from every scientist? Or does every scientist have to do it on his own? Does your institution have a web page where all the publications are published?Thanks!… “It would be great to hear more about your Institution and how the system works.
Do you use a specific system or do you have an administrator who collects the data from every scientist? Or does every scientist have to do it on his own? Does your institution have a web page where all the publications are published?How do universities and research centers manage the lists of scientific publications authored by their scientists? - ResearchGate. Available from: https:// /post/How do universities and research centers manage the lists of scientific publications authored by their scientists accessed Oct 6, 2015 . ” Public management reforms are changing/modernizing/improving (contested though) the public sector in almost all economies.
Developing countries are imitating some of the world's famous reform strategies such as the NPM, which are most often triggered by the international financial institutions 26 Jul 2018 - Welcome! This guide will point you to research resources for a variety of public administration topics. Home · All Public Where can I get copy of a thesis or dissertation? Where can I find an online Effective proposal writing..
Theses and dissertations (public administration and management)
Wherever you look, you just find that the public service delivery governance has been the secondary priority, if not all, in almost all reforms. Why is so? … I Operate on Gender Responsive Budgeting: GRB in Thailand.
I found that the key issue of dealing with the GRB in Thailand is the lack of evidence or technical documentation or research papers supporting the outcome of GRB that could reduce the disparity and inequality in society, including Best Practices. Such experience-based information would enable the mandate that plays a major role in determining the form and method of budgeting of the country to become aware of GRB’s significant benefits, and would possibly agree to modify the format of the public sectors’ budgeting across the country as GRB.
Although I examined so many research documents from multiple databases, unfortunately, found no such information. So Please recommend the articles, books, research or academic documents that can confirm or indicate that Gender Responsive Budgeting could reduce the disparity and inequality in society.
… “Dear Bamboo Allcen,Attached – are some references that I hope are helpful. 2013 Expenditure Incidence Analysis: A Gender-Responsive Budgeting Tool for Educational Expenditure in Timor-Leste? Feminist Economics,Nakray, Keerty 2009 Gender budgeting: does it really work? Some experiences from India, Source: Policy & Politics, Volume 37, Number 2, April 2009, pp.
307-310Vibhuti Patel: A response to Keerty Nakray’s article ‘Gender budgeting: does it really work? Some experiences from India’, Policy & Politics, 2009, vol 37, no 2: 307–10Sharp, R ; Broomhill, R 2002 Budgeting for equality: The Australian experience Feminist Economics, 2002 Mar, Vol. 25-47 a atay, Nil fer2003 Gender budgets and beyond: Feminist fiscal policy in the context of globalisation, Gender and Development, May 2003, Vol. 15-24 ” “A enlightening book, "Excellent Sheep", takes a sharp look at the high-pressure conveyor belt that begins with parents and counselors who demand perfect grades and culminates in the skewed applications Deresiewicz saw firsthand as a member of Yale’s admissions committee. As schools shift focus from the humanities to "practical" subjects like economics and computer science, students are losing the ability to think in innovative ways.
Deresiewicz explains how college should be a time for self-discovery, when students can establish their own values and measures of success, so they can forge their own path. He addresses parents, students, educators, and anyone who's interested in the direction of American society, featuring quotes from real students and graduates he has corresponded with over the years, candidly exposing where the system is broken and clearly presenting solutions.
Is the Bureaucracies or Sheep or Elite playing a decisive role in large organizations ?” “Hallo Afsane, Low productivity managerial problem should be seen from cultural perspective. Over the years, the cultural values of sharing and care have been replaced with self-interest and individuality.
Lack of explicit communication and inability to resolve the conflicts by discussions and negotiations are another cause of lapses in organizational performance. Cultural epistemology views the processes of knowledge creation, validation and legitimization from a cultural point of view.
In other words, culture shapes behaviors and attitudes to promote efficiency that eventually contributes to organization performance. In today's work environments, hard work, ingenuity, loyalty and commitment of managers are need of the hour to improve public efficiency and the social uplift of the society.
Knowledge based economy finds inspiration from culture-epistemic context of a particular culture. For a Western European manager, rationality and verifiability of a knowledge claim constitutes an epistemic criterion of validity.
The Navajo Indian makes a picture of reality based on myth. The Pakistani finds the knowledge claims about reality from the religion.
” “The List of Open Access Journals can be seen on DOAJ ( Directory of Open Access Journals). In Open access model, many Indian and Foreign publishers have started publishing but instead they are asking some handling charges to support the publication and editorial office charges.
Agencies are also publishing papers in their journals free of cost like NISCAIR journals published by CSIR ( NISCAIR), New Delhi , Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore , INSA Journals , New Delhi etc.
You may see the journals published by IIM Kolkata and IIM Ahmedabad. University of Nebraska also publishing many journals and host to the Open Access Repositories.
But I have idea about Library and Information Science journals. regardsDr Manoj Kumar Sinha” “Dear Arvydas,Postmodernism has influenced public administration and governance in various ways.
Most importantly because it brought forward new perspective on public administration and governance and therewith inspired the construction of new models. Models that conversely effected the practices of public administration as description and prescription always tend to get mixed.
Understanding governance as network instead of as hierarchies for example has stimulated many approaches that aim to develop and manage networks. In this sense new ways of understanding public administration, especially when captured in a model, can have a performative power.
In relation to economics the book by MacKenzie et al. (Do economists make markets) is an interesting read.
Postmodernism also brought attention to the constructed and contingent nature of public administration models and therewith it increased the awareness of possible alternative models. Additionally postmodernist reflections where often used to show limitations, shortcomings or even failures of particular models and therewith they also stimulated the debates about alternative models (such as new public management to increase the effectiveness or new governance to enhance the democratic values).